Oil and Gas
Rhyolite An extrusive igneous rock with a high silica content, produced from granitic magma.
Rocks on Mars Many of the rocks found on Mars are not very different from Earth rocks.
Gifts That Rock - What are the most popular gift items in the Geology.com store?
The Green River Formation is one of the most famous rock units in the world for its fossils.
Cave of the Hands is a cave where ancient people painted hands about 9000 years ago.
Chalcopyrite - The most important ore of copper for over five thousand years.
Free Google Earth software allows you to browse seamless world satellite images. Free.
Ilmenite - The primary ore of titanium and source of most titanium dioxide.
Plate Tectonics - Articles and maps about plate tectonics and the interior of Earth.
Gemstones - Colorful images and articles about diamonds and colored stones.
Rocks - Galleries of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rock photos with descriptions.
Meteorites - Rocks that were once parts of planets or large asteroids.
Types of Volcanic Eruptions - A description of the most common eruption types.
Golden Head Colorado Schlüsseletui Leder 11 cm - Learn about the properties of diamond, its many uses, and diamond discoveries.
The Rock Used to Make Beer - Geologists are beer experts and should know about this rock.
Volcanoes - Articles about volcanoes, volcanic hazards and eruptions past and present.
Copper is a metal used in coins, electronics, pipes, wiring, motors, alloys and many other products.
Spatter Cones are small, steep, volcanic cones built of welded basaltic lava.
Fire Opal is a transparent to translucent opal with a yellow, orange or red background color.
Quartzite is metamorphic rock formed when sandstone is subjected to heat and pressure.
Debris Flows are moving masses of loose mud, sand, soil, rock and water.
Rock & Mineral Kits The best way to learn about rocks and minerals is with specimens!
The Uses of Marble are numerous and diverse. You will be surprised by how it is used.
Andalusite is a metamorphic mineral and a strongly pleochroic gem material.
Crater of Diamonds - The only diamond mine in the world where you can be the miner.
Rare Earths - Special materials used in electronics, defense, medical & many other products.
Extraterrestrial Gems - A number of materials from space are used as attractive gems.
Minerals - Descriptions, photos, articles, properties and uses for common minerals.
Bear Attacks - Knowing how to react to a bear encounter or attack could save your life.
Hardness Picks - Test for hardness with precise and easy-to-use hardness picks.
Where Are the Canary Islands? Off the northwest coast of Africa, 60 miles west of Morocco.
Helium is a byproduct of the natural gas industry. Its most important use is in MRI.
Types of Maps - Explore some of the most popular types of maps that have been made.
Obsidian - the volcanic rock that cools so quickly that it becomes a natural glass.
What Is Luster? Luster is the light-reflecting characteristics of a mineral specimen.
Pyroxene Minerals are a group of chain silicate minerals found in igneous and metamorphic rocks.
Phytoplankton Blooms are caused by an explosive growth rate of plankton in surface waters.
Crystal Habit is the external shape displayed by a crystal or an aggregate of crystals.
Mohs Hardness Scale is a set of reference minerals used for classroom hardness testing.
Sand is a diverse material. This gallery includes photos of sand from around the world.
Zircon is the primary ore of zirconium and a gemstone that is available in many colors.
Fool*s Gold is a name used for pyrite when its brassy color fools people looking for gold.
Largest Hurricanes Are they determined by wind speed, value of damage, most deaths?
Ruby and Sapphire are the 2nd and 3rd most popular colored stones in the United States.
Pictures of Opal - A collection of different types of opal from all around the world and Mars too!
Map of the Oceans - showing the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Southern Oceans.
Granite - The intrusive igneous rock that underlies continents and countertops.
Rock Tumblers - All about rock tumblers and rock tumbling. Read before you buy a tumbler.
Blue Flames and the largest highly acidic lake in the world at Kawah Ijen Volcano.
Wall Maps - Wall maps of the world, continents, states and the USA.
What is the San Andreas Fault? Map, photos and description of the fault.
Tallest Tsunami - A wave with a run-up height of 1720 feet occurred in Lituya Bay, Alaska.
Coquina - A porous limestone composed almost entirely of fossil debris.
Labradorite is a feldspar mineral that sometimes exhibits an iridescent play-of-color.
The Acid Test - Geologists use dilute hydrochloric acid to identify carbonate minerals.
Volcanic Explosivity - Rating volcanic eruptions based upon the volume of tephra ejected.
Teacher Resources - K-12 resources for teaching about earth science.
World Record Lightning - this lake has more lightning than any other place in the world.
Birthstones are gems assigned to the month of a person*s birth. They are popular gifts in the U.S.
Mit Montagelöchern Wasserwaage, Wasserwaage, für elektronische W ever recorded - Magnitude 9.5. Chile, 1960.
Mineraloids are amorphous naturally-occurring inorganic solids that lack crystallinity.
Cinnabar - the only important ore of mercury. Used in pigments until its toxicity was realized.
Fluorescent Minerals and rocks glow with spectacular colors under ultraviolet light.
Disney Jungen Bademantel - Rock hammers, field bags, hand lenses, maps, hardness picks, gold pans.
Hand Lens A 10-power folding magnifier in a metal case. A frequently used lab and field tool.
Topo Maps - The DeLorme Atlas is an entire state of topo maps in one convenient book.
Portable UV Lamp - Short and long wave UV for fluorescent mineral viewing.
Mount Etna - The most active volcano in Europe continues an eruption that started in 2001.
What is Geology? The study of Earth materials, structures, processes and life over time.
Solar System Volcanoes - Earth is not the only location of volcanic activity.
Colored Diamonds are diamonds with a noticeable body color. They can sell for over $1M/carat.
Utica Shale is a major source of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids in PA, OH and WV.
Soapstone is a metamorphic rock with properties that make it suitable for a variety of projects.
Sliding Rocks Mystery - What causes these rocks to slide across a playa in Death Valley?
Gold Pans and Panning Kits - classifiers, snuffer bottles. Learn how to pan for Gold.
Tallest Mountain - Everest has rivals in tallness, altitude and distance to the center of Earth.
Field Courses - Over 80 field courses for undergraduate geology students.
Ethiopian Opal - The new opal heavyweight that might give Australia a run.
Corundum is the third hardest mineral. It is also the mineral of ruby and sapphire.
Morganite is an orange to pink gemstone, a variety of beryl, that is growing rapidly in popularity.
Mars Meteorites Mars rovers have found dozens of meteorites while exploring the red planet.
Rhodochrosite - a manganese mineral used as an ore, a pink gem and an ornamental stone.
Petrified Wood is a fossil that forms when silica replaces and infills the cavities of wood.
Emerald is the most popular green gemstone in the United States and most of the world.
Hawaii*s Next Island could be growing in the Pacific Ocean right now. Its name is Lo*ihi.
Lapis Lazuli - a metamorphic rock and the most popular blue opaque gemstone in history.
Ticks are a problem for geologists in some areas. Learn to recognize and avoid them.
US Diamond Mines - Did you know that diamonds have been mined in the United States?
Range of Bear Species - Where you might encounter different types of bears.
Lightning Strikes Map by NASA shows the worldwide distribution of lightning activity.
What Is The Moho? The Mohorovicic Discontinuity is the mantle/crust boundary.
10 Gemmy Facts About Spinel - Is spinel the world*s most overlooked gem?
Olivine - Abundant in Earth*s mantle. A constituent of meteorites. The gem peridot.
Mined in America - Small mines in the United States produce a diversity of beautiful gemstones.
Gem Silica is a blue chalcedony colored by copper. It is the rarest and most valuable chalcedony.
Novarupta - The most powerful volcanic eruption of the 20th century occurred in the U.S.A.
How Are Hurricanes Named? There is a plan for naming tropical storms.
Rock Salt is a sedimentary rock composed of the mineral halite. It has many uses!
Mineral Rights - Who owns the minerals under your land? Who wants to buy them?
Grape Agate is a popular mineral specimen with the color and the shape of a bunch of grapes.
Homeowners Insurance might not cover earthquake, hurricane and other geohazard damage.
The Science of Fireworks Learn how the colors and shapes are created.
Tourmaline - an extremely colorful mineral and gem material.
Geology Books - A variety of books for reference, field trips, reading and more.
Know the Rules before removing rocks, fossils or minerals from public or private property.
Shale - The rock that has quickly transformed the oil and gas industry.
The East Africa Rift System - The extensive fault system that is tearing Africa apart.
Tanzanite was unknown until a few decades ago but it has erupted into wide popularity.
What Is Earth Science? The study of Earth and its neighbors in space. Learn more!
Coal Through a Microscope - Coal is more than a black rock. It is THE most interesting rock.
The Unsung Mineral Hero - and the commodity upon which almost everything is built.
Expansive Soil causes more damage than floods, hurricanes & tornadoes combined.
Diamond Misconception - Many people think that diamonds form from coal. Not True!
California Earthquake Maps - A collection of isoseismal maps for earthquakes in California.
100+ Gems - Photos of over 100 beautiful gems ranging from the popular to the obscure.
Hematite - The most important ore of iron. A source of mineral pigment since prehistory.
Rock Art - People have been marking on rocks for thousands of years.
Storm Surge can be the most damaging and deadly aspect of a hurricane.
Charoite is a purple silicate mineral, found only in Russia, used as a gem material.
Waterproof Paper - Don't take chances with your field notes and maps. Use waterproof paper.
The Many Uses of Gold - Unique properties make gold one of the most useful metals.
Herkimer Diamonds Doubly-terminated quartz crystals used as specimens and gems.
Azurite - Used as an ore of copper, a pigment, ornamental stone and gem material.
Geodes look like ordinary rocks on the outside but can be spectacular inside!
Talc is a soft mineral used in cosmetics, paper, paint, ceramics and many other products.
Chalk is a variety of limestone formed from fine-grained marine sediment known as ooze.
What is a Maar? The second most common volcanic landscape feature on Earth.
How did the Hawaiian Islands Form? The power of a moving plate over a stationary hot spot.
World*s Largest Diamonds Records for the largest rough, faceted and carbonado diamond.
Largest Volcano - That title is shared by Tamu Massif, Mauna Kea and Ojos del Salado.
Ant Hill Garnets - tiny gems that ants haul to the surface and discard on their anthill. Honest!
Turquoise - A bluish-green gem material that has been used for over 6000 years.
Peridotite is a chromite host rock, a source of diamonds and a possible carbon dioxide sink.
Angel Falls in Venezuela is the tallest waterfall in the world - it is 3212 feet tall.
Names Used for Great Britain, British Isles, United Kingdom, and Ireland. What they mean.
Cinder Cones are the smallest, simplest, and most common type of volcano.
Citrine is the transparent variety of quartz with a yellow to orange to reddish color.
Deepest Point in the Ocean The deepest point in the ocean is in the Mariana Trench.
Mount Vesuvius - geology, history, maps, facts and more about the Vesuvius eruptions.
What is a Geyser? Photos and information about geysers in many parts of the world.